Welcome to the complete guide to cross country jumps! In this post, I'll be going over the different types of jumps commonly seen on cross country as well as a few different types of combinations seen at upper levels. There are so many different types of cross country jumps and using the correct terminology can be a bit confusing. I made this guide to clarify and simplify the most common types of fences.
Coops are one of the most basic types of cross country jumps, they can be built to match almost any level. They are sometimes seen with a log on top at higher levels.
Corners are also very common in cross country, especially in the upper levels. As the levels progress, the corners get wider in width and narrower in length.
Like coops, roll tops can be found at all levels of eventing ard are generally very inviting for horses to jump.
Tables are used across all levels of eventing. The table's width and height vary from level to level, but they are generally inviting for horses. They are often used as a "fly fence" rather than in a combination.
Brush fences come in many shapes and sizes. They are defined by the brush-like area on the top of the fence. These fences are more forgiving as the brush gives way if the horse "brushes" the top of the fence.
Chevron jumps are defined by their "V" shape. They are used more often in combinations at the upper levels of eventing. These jumps test the accuracy of the horse and rider.
Log fences are one of the most natural and basic cross countries jumps used at every level. Logs vary in height, width, and narrowness, depending on the level. These jumps are used as parts of combinations as well as galloping jumps.
Hanging Log Fence
Hanging logs are very similar to log jumps. As the name implies, these jumps are like log fences, but with space between the singular log and the ground.
Ditches are seen at most levels on cross country. The width and complexity vary, at lower levels, ditches are seen in basic combinations and get more complex at the upper levels.
Trakehners are hanging log fences with a ditch underneath it. These are not used as commonly used at the lower levels of eventing and can be spooky for some horses.
Weldon's wall fences have a ditch in front of an upright wall shaped fence. The ditch does not go on both sides of the fence and is only on the front side of the jump.
Banks are used in all levels of competition and the height and complexity of the question vary. Banks can go up or down and can be part of combinations.
Drop fences come in a variety of shapes and sizes and are usually only seen in the upper levels of eventing. This type of jump is defined by having a fence at the edge of a down bank. The drop can be into the water, down a hill, or on flat ground.
Keyholes are one of the most interesting types of cross country jumps. The jump part is usually a rolltop or a brush fence and the horse is asked to jump through the "keyhole".
I really hope you guys were able to find use in today's post! I had a blast putting all of this together and I know I learned a lot in the process. I've been eventing for 6 years now (wow!) and I still get myself confused!